FINDINGS ENGLAND TO PA-
(FINDINGS AS OF JAN 2000) ----PENNSYLVANIA RE-VISITED!!
POSSIBLE BEALE ANCESTOR FROM ENGLAND TO PENNSYLVANIA---
JOHN BEALS (1650-1726) came to PA with William Penn and married in 1682 Mary Clayton, dau of William & Prudence Clayton. Beals owned land on Chester Creek in what appears to be the current city of Chester. He settled in the Nottingham lots in Chester Co. His son Wm born 1687 married in New Garden. His son Jacob born 1689 married in New Garden. His dau Patience born 1695 married in New Garden.
Minutes of Quaker New Garden monthly meetings show Wm Beals attending in 1721, and Jacob Beals in 1736.THIS PLACES THE JOHN BEALS FAMILY IN NEW GARDEN PRIOR TO GEORGE BEALE BUYING LAND THERE IN 1768.
James Brown married in 1679 Honour, another of the Clayton daughters. James Brown & John Beals were brothers in law. James Browns great grandson was Elijah Brown, who was a witness to Mary Beales (widow of George) land deed in Phila in 1782.(see J)
A James Brown (relative of above?) signs 1783 indenture to sell off part of GBs land ( GB land deed 1768 - see G)
Wm Beal lived on Valley Rd Hockessin DE (just below GBs land) in an 1810 census, surrounded by Springers & Dixons. Was Wm a member of the John Beals family???
(PHILA II -1991 file) (Pops New Garden file) (Quaker blue file)
After reading over my George Beale thesis, I was struck by the many Pennsylvania links that seemed to suggest that ancestor George Beale originated from that state. Much of my research has been focussed on GBs St Croix connections when he is known to be on that island 1762 off and on through his death in 1769. He appears on St Croix tax records 1765-1769.
We do however have a considerable bed of Pennsylvania data on George Beale and his family running from 1749 for another 100 years.
Evidence to suggest George Beale was from Penna:
1)- 1749- GB1 signed the will of a Quaker woman.
2)- 1756- GB1 married an Anglican woman in Phila.
3)- 1756- GB1 signed the will in Phila of a Doctor Basil Feast. Many Quakers on the will.
4)- 1761- 2 letters for GB1 from Phila in Post Office.
5)- 1763- 1 letter for GB1 in Phila PO.
4)- 1768- While on St Croix, GB1 returns to PA and buys 245 acres of land from the Dixon family in New Garden, PA. The Dixons were Quakers, as were many of the neighbors. He rents the land to Matthew McConnell.
Possible Clue---Why would GB1 leave St Croix, come to this remote section of Penna, buy 245 acres of land from a Quaker family, and then return to St Croix? Does this action suggest he had family in the area?
5)- 1769- GB1 dies St Croix, his will names two St Croix executors, and two Phila executors. He mentions he is Catholic and he speaks with pride about his 245 acre land holding, hoping his family will enjoy it.
6)- 1770- Mary Beale, GB1s widow, departs St Croix briefly and returns to Phila, where she is treated by Dr Benjamin Rush.
Question----Any administration of GB1s will exist in Penna???
7)- 1776- John Beale, GB1s son, departs St Croix (where he managed SION HILL plantation owned by John Bradshaw in 1775) and serves in the New Garden, PA militia. This suggests he was then living on his fathers land. Also serving in the New Garden militia with JB was James White, whose name was connected to widow Mary Beales Christiansted St Croix house in 1777. Also serving in the New Garden militia was Isaac Barnes, who was named by Dorcas Lillie (St Croix Quaker) as being of one of her Quaker St Croix flock. Dorcas states that Isaac hailed from Trenton.
Key Point--John Beale in New Garden.
8)- 1779- Widow Mary Beale visits Phila and appoints her eldest son John Beale of Chester County in Penna, gentleman, my attorney--- (on her letter of attorney). Adam Kuhn was a witness. We observe Dr Adam Kuhn had been one of the Quaker exiles from Phila to VA in 1777, and that he married Eliz Markoe on St Croix in 1780.
Key Points--JB in New Garden. More Quaker links.
9)- 1781- New Garden Return identifies John Beale with 120 acres, 4 horses, 3 cattle.
10)- 1782- Widow Mary Beale leaves St Croix and buys a tenement & lot at 190 South Water Street from Archibald McCall, Phila merchant (active in the slave trade). One of the two witnesses was Quaker Elijah Brown. The great grandfather of Elijah (James Brown) was John Beals (1650-1726) brother in law. Beals & Brown had married Clayton sisters.
Key Question---Did Mary think of Elija Brown as family?
10)- 17??- Widow Mary Beale living on the New Garden property (ER--look up).
10)- 1783---JB sells part of the New Garden land to neighbor Nicholas Springer. One of the two witnesses was James Brown. Was the great grandfather of witness James Brown (gr-grandfather also named James Brown) the brother in law of John Beals (1650-1726)?
Key Question---Did JB think of James Brown as family?
11)- 1784--George Beale II, having left St Croix and living in VA, authorizes his brother John Beale of Phila, merchant, to sell the 245 acre parcel of land they inherited from GB I.
Key Point--JB lived on the farm 1776-1783, approx 7 years.
12)- 1789--GB II marries Mary Dixon, daughter of Thomas & Sarah Tucker Dixon of Elizabeth County, VA. Was this Dixon family related to the Dixons of Chester Co, PA? We note the PA GAZETTE states 6 June 1763 the Ship SARAH, Thomas Dixon, Master sails from Phila for York River, VA, Willing & Morris Co. merchants. On 9 September 1763, a lot in Phila owned by Thomas Dixon was advertised. On 30 July 1767, the PO says it has a letter for Thomas Dixon of Phila.
Key Point---a lot of evidence linking Thomas Dixon to Phila.
Following the death of Sarah Tucker Dixon in 1798, another daughter Eliz Dixon Anderson (Mary Dixon Beales sister) moves from VA to PA where she & her husband Wm Anderson (he was a native of VA) buy in 1800 an estate called GREENBANK, in the city of Chester.
Key Point---Mary Dixon who married GB II may be related to Dixon family who sold GB I the land in New Garden. Was Thomas Dixon from Phila? Was Thomas Dixon related to the New Garden Dixons? Why would one of the VA Dixons move to Chester PA, unless possibly PA was the original family stamping ground?
13)- 1816---correspondence states that GB II, who is now living in the DC area, is taking a trip to Phila with 2 children, one or both are to remain in Chester, until his return homeward.
Key Point---GB II visiting Chester! His sister in law at GREENBANK??
14)- 1823---GB III (son of GB II) buys the estate BLOOMINGDALE in DC from a cousin by the name of Bradley, who came from the same part of Virginia that he did. We have a deed from William A. Bradley who conveys the property to GB III in 1823. William A. Bradley was the son of Dr. Phineas Bradley from Wilkes Barre, PA. Father & son move to DC ca 1801.
Key Point---Cousin Bradley from PA, not VA! Can we find any Beales related to Bradley in PA???
15)- 1836---Edward F. Beale (son of GB III) is in Chester at GREENBANK with his mother Emily Truxtun Beale, who lived at BLOOMINGDALE, Washington, DC.
16)- 1849---EFB marries Quaker Mary Engle Edwards of Chester, daughter of Samuel & Mary Ann Edwards. Edwards descended from Francis Smith, an English Quaker who settled in Kennett Twp. in 1683.
17)- 1858---EFB, a very rich man who owned the 270,000 acre Tejon Ranch in CA and Decatur House in Washington, DC, started buying property in Chester. In 1867 his mansion covered 8 or 9 city blocks, and was bounded to the north by the Friends Burial ground and on the west by Chester Creek. In 1885 a newspaper article covering the career of EFB & his family states the Beale family is of historical Pensylvania stock. In 1893 EFB was buried in the Chester Rural Cemetery in the Edwards family plot.
Key Point---John Beals (1650-1726) came over with William Penn. Beals bought property on the West side of Chester Creek, just to the NW of the city of Chester!
Was EFB aware of that fact when he was buying property in Chester on Chester Creek? EFBs properties appear to be a mile or two from the John Beals old Chester property! Was this one of the reasons EFB was interested in Chester real estate?
George Beale-- (findings as of Feb 13, 2003)
Evan Randolph IVs research indicates the following lineage on his mothers side:
EVAN RANDOLPH LINEAGE:
George Beale married 1606 Susan Taylor in Bentley, Hants, England
William Beale born 1611 Bentley, Hants
George Beale (born 1641 Bentley, Hants, died after 1718) married (1) 1675 Elinor Smith (died 1706), married (2) unknown wife after 1706. Lived Wanborough Co Surrey, moved to Tangley, Co Surrey. Quaker. Member Guildford Meeting.
George Beale (born ca 1710-died St Croix 1769) married 1756 Mary Murdoch (died Phila 1804)
George Beale II (died DC 1823) married 1789 Mary Dixon, dau Tho & Sarah Dixon
George Beale III (died DC 1835) married 1819 Emily Truxtun, dau Thomas Truxtun
Truxtun Beale (died DC 1870) married 1844 Mary Anna Tillinghast (d Phila 1918)
Edward F. Beale (d PA 1947) married 1877 Maria Litchfield Lewis (d PA 1928)
Leonard Tillinghast Beale (d PA 1966) married Anna Lewis Beale (d PA 1969)
Frances Lewis Beale married Evan Randolph Jr (d PA 1997)
Evan Randolph IV
1)- HISTORY OF GEORGE BEALE OF SURREY-
We feel George Beale who died St Croix in 1769 is the son of George Beale (b 1641 Bentley, Hants, died after 1718) because of multiple small pieces of evidence linking the two together. To establish this case, we need some history on the former Beale. Details:
George Beale (died after 1718) of Wanborough, Co Surrey married in 1675 in a Quaker wedding Elinor Smith (1621-1706), William Lickfold and William Beale witnesses.
We believe George Beale married an older woman because of his later real estate dealings. (For example, if Beale was the same age as his wife, he would have been in his 80s when he owned Frensham Manor and bought Penna land from Wm Penn, and near 100 when he sold PA land to Jeremiah Langhorne). Details:
1)- In 1698, part of the Manor of Frensham Manors Beale was sold to George Beale. Sir Henry Bellingham sold off the manor and manor house on 1701.
A 1703 deed says George Beale, late of Wanborough, but now of Tangley.
Joint lords in 1703 were George Beale and Caleb Woods. We note that Caleb Woods was married to Beales sister in law.
(It should be noted that Frensham Manors Beale is in Frensham, Surrey, England. The Beale family had owned the manor off on on since 1189. The Manor house still stands- SEE ENCL. A).
2)- In 1701 George Beale, living near Guildford, paid Philip Ford (as agent for William Penn) for 3,000 acres in Pennsylvania, witness William Lickfold ( also witnessed Beales 1675 wedding) and witness William Beale.
3)- In December of 1706, Elinor Beale (1621-1706) died at age 85, her residence was Tangley. She stated she was the wife of George Beale of Guildford Meeting.
4)- In 1718, George Beale of Wanborrow in Co of Surrey sold his 3,000 acres in Pennsylvania to Jeremiah Langhorne, witness Lodowick Christian Sprogell.
SEE ENCL. B
2)- HISTORY OF WILLIAM BEALE- LINKS TO SURREY GEO BEALE:
William Beale (1644-1694), Quaker, was I believe the brother of George Beale (b 1641 Bentley, Hants), who was also a Quaker. While George moved to Surrey and joined Guildford Meeting, his brother William Beale moved to Tucley, Gloucestershire, joined Ross Meeting and married Ellinor Bellamy in 1664. Ellinor died in 1670 after having a son William in 1667. Brother William Beale and William Lickfold were witnesses to George Beales 1675 Quaker wedding in Surrey.
(William Beale and George Beale were the only Beales in Quaker records in that section of England in the 1675 era).
Son William Beale (1667-1714), a Quaker, came to PA ca 1685 and purchased 102 acres of land in Bensalem, Bucks Co in 1688 from Joseph Growden. He purchased another 202 acres from Growden in 1693. It is my belief that William Beale, George Beales nephew, returned to England in 1701 and convinced his uncle George to buy 3,000 acres in Bucks County from Wm Penn. William Beale and William Lickfold were witnesses to this 1701 land purchase. PA land records indicate that George Beales nephew William Beale viewed his uncles lots in Bucks Co in 1705.
William married Elizabeth and had a son John Beale (1698-1762).
We note that Jeremiah Langhorne was executor to John Carters 1710 will. John Carters daughter Martha (1710-1786) went on to marry Quaker John Beale (1698-1762) in 1729 at Abington MM, PA.
William Beale died in 1714 in PA. His will was witnessed by Abel Hingston, Abel Jamess grandfather. (53)
It should be noted that William Beales land in Bensalem was approx 5 miles away from Jeremiah Langhornes Langhorne Manor, both in Bucks Co, PA. (112)
KEY POINTS REF WILLIAM BEALE-
Quaker William Beale (1667-1714), nephew of George Beale (b 1641) of Surrey, moved to Bucks Co, entices his uncle to buy land there, and is a witness to George Beales 1701 land deed from Philip Ford, agent for Wm Penn. He views his uncles Bucks Co lots in 1705.
SEE ENCL. B
3)- EVIDENCE LINKING BEALE (d 1769 St Croix) TO BEALE FROM SURREY:
A)- WILLIAM LICKFOLD LINK:
William Lickfold (1644-1715) was a Quaker, was a witness to George Beales 1675 wedding, and to Beales 1701 PA land purchase from William Penn.
George Chalkley, Quaker, was a witness to William Lickfolds 1715 will. He was born in Southwark, Surrey. His brother Thomas Chalkley (my ancestor-see ENCL. C) was a Quaker preacher, who moved with his new wife to Philadelphia in 1699. Thomas Chalkley made approx 15 Quaker preaching trips to Barbadoes and various Caribbean islands during his lifetime. His daughter Rebecca married Abel James (my ancestor-see ENCL. C) in 1747.
Thos Chalkley and wife visited his old friend David Lloyd and wife Grace Growden at their Chester home in 1711 & 1730. The Lloyds lived at their estate Greenbank in Chester. (George Beales (d 1769) son and grandson often stayed at Greenbank, in fact George Beales II sister in law bought Greenbank in 1800).
Thomas Chalkley died on the island of Tortola (neighboring island to St Croix) in 1741. Dorcas Lillie, Quaker preacher, was with Chalkley at his death. We note Dorcas Lillie moved to St Croix and had some connections to the Beale family (see next page).
SEE ENCL. D & E
The Beale papers contain the following artifacts relating to Thomas Chalkley:
1)- Drawing of Chalkley Hall, Frankford, Phila, PA. Built by Thomas Chalkley, was later occupied by Chalkleys daughter & her husband Abel James.
2)- Facsimile from Evan Lewiss Bible, This book was bought of Thomas Chalkley the 16th day of the 1st month 1723/4 Pretium 5 pounds.
KEY POINTS REF WM LICKFOLD-
William Lickfold was a witness twice for George Beale of Surrey. His friend George Chalkley witnessed Wm Lickfolds 1715 will, Georges brother Thomas Chalkley came to PA, traveled to the Caribbean, and became my ancestor through the marriage of his daughter to Abel James (see ENCL. C & D).
KEY POINTS REF ABEL JAMES (married a Chalkley)-
Abel James (1724-1790) was the grandson of Abel Hingston (witness to William Beales 1714 will). (53) He married Thomas Chalkleys daughter Rebecca Chalkley in 1747, and lived in Chalkley Hall. Their daughter Rebecca James married in 1782 my ancestor John Thompson. Another daughter Martha James married Joseph Smith and lived on St Croix ca 1782. (see ENCL. C & D)
KEY POINTS REF DORCAS LILLIE (with Chalkley in Tortola)-
Dorcas Lillie (1721-1798) was with Thomas Chalkley when he died on Tortola in 1741. She was a Quaker preacher on St Croix. She mentions Isaac Barnes of Trenton as one of her flock. We note Isaac Barnes and Abel Jamess daughter & husband Joseph Smith living St Croix in the 1772-1782 era.
Dorcas married (3rd husband) Thomas Lillie of St Croix, a planter. According to tax records, Thomas Lillie, wife & daughter live at Company Quarter plantation #33 during the years 1758 through 1761. In 1768, they moved to Company Quarter #1,2--this was John Bradshaw Srs old plantation, now owned by Nicholas Tuite. Also living at this plantation was Arthur Bignell, ancestor George Beales executor. In 1768, Thomas Lillie also owned Company Quarter plantations 10, 11, 20, 21, & 25.
In 1772, Thomas Lillie & wife move to Company Quarter #10 (Hermon Hill). Thomas dies prior 1780, when we have no Thomas Lillie listed. We do however have Madame Bignell and a son living at that same plantation. We know Arthur Bignell (George Beales executor) died in 1776, leaving a wife and child).
In 1780, we note Madame Lillie living at #2 Torve Gaden, Christiansted with two other women. Her next door neighbor at #1 Torve Gaden is Captain Thomas Tingey & wife. (Thomas Tingey is ancestor George Beales brother in law, Tingey having married Beales wifes sister at the Beale house in 1777).
It appears Dorcas Lillie died in 1798, for living at #2 Torve Gaden was her daughter Madame Mary Lillie & granddaughter.
B)- JEREMIAH LANGHORNE LINK:
Jeremiah Langhorne (d 1742) was the son of Quakers Thomas & Grace Langhorne of Kendal, Westmorland.
Jeremiah Langhorne bought George Beales 3,000 acres in Penna from George Beale of Wanborrow, Surrey in 1718, witness Lodowick Christian Sprogell.
We previously noted a Henry Bellingham was selling Manors Frensham Beale in 1701 (see Hist of GB above). We note a Henry Bellingham born Kendal, Westmorland in 1657. A Henry Bellinghams daughter married John Lowther, whose grandson Henry Lowther (Lord Lonsdale) employed Jeremiah Langhornes kinsman Thomas Langhorne in 1742.
We note that Jeremiah Langhorne was executor to John Carters 1710 will. John Carters daughter Martha (1710-1786) went on to marry Quaker John Beale (1698-1762) in 1729 at Abington MM, PA. John Beale was the son of William Beale (1667-1714), who I believe was the nephew of George Beale (b 1641) of Surrey, and was a 1701 witness to George Beales land purchase and in 1705 viewed his uncle George Beales Bucks County land purchases. (see Chart A)
When Jeremiah Langhorne died in 1742, he left a large estate in Bucks Co. He owned slaves, he named a nearby stream Guinea Run. The current town of Langhorne, PA was named after him.
The Beale papers contain an 1869 engraving by J.C.Armytage of a painting by Jacob Thompson called Drawing the Net at Haweswater. A description of the painting written (I believe) by my great grandfather Edward F. Beale (1850-1947) describes the subjects in the painting as follows:
In the Boat Sir Baliol and Lady Brett- To the left of the boat- their three children- seated is the Earl of Lonsdale- standing behind is the earl of Malmsbury, Foreign Secretary under the Tories- Mr F. Louther of the Lonsdale family- Mr Robinson, secretary to the Earl of Lonsdale- and the Boatman.
Fuller account in the Art Journal for June 1870.
In Jeremiah Langhornes will, he mentioned his brother was in the service of Lord Lonsdale. This was Henry Lowther (1694-1751) the 3rd viscount Lonsdale. Various Lonsdales owned plantations in Barbadoes, and were very rich. The subject of the 1869 engraving was William Lowther, 3rd earl of Lonsdale (1787-1872).
Lowther Castle was in nearby Penrith, and I believe the lake Hawes Water was on the family estate.
I believe the Beales owned this engraving with description of Lord Lonsdale because of its connection to Jeremiah Langhorne/George Beale of Surrey. (SEE ENGRAVING & DESCRIPTION ENCL. F & G)
KEY POINTS REF JEREMIAH LANGHORNE-
Jeremiah Langhorne was from Quaker parents in Westmorland, bought land from Quaker George Beale of Surrey, moved to PA, amassed a large estate there, his kinsman worked for Lord Lonsdale in Westmorland. Edward F. Beale collected engraving showing Lord Lonsdale.
SEE ENCL. F & G & H
C)- LODOWICK CHRISTIAN SPROGELL LINK:
Lodowick Christian Sprogell was a witness to the 1718 sale by George Beale of Beales 3,000 acres of PA land to Jeremiah Langhorne. In 1727, Lodowick Christian Sprogell testified he saw Geo Beale sign the deed in 1718.
Google confirms that in 1718 Lodowick Christian Sprogell was a dyer by trade in Phila, a land speculator, and that he was one of 200 inhabitants to petition the assembly to raise the value of the coin. For 1729 we see his name listed in the Hornor Furniture Blue book. (933)
Mary Beale, widow of George Beale (d1769 on St Croix) in her 1804 Phila will names James Humphreys witness. We note that James Humphreys was a witness to the 1781 will of John Lodowick Sprogel, whose child is Lodowick Christian Sprogel. In addition, James Humphreys in his 1810 will identifies one of his own children as Lodowick Sprogell Humphreys!
KEY POINTS REF LODOWICK CHRISTIAN SPROGELL-
Lodowick Christian Sprogell was a witness to George Beale of Surrey land deals in 1718 & 1727. He moved to PA, and his name was connected with the witness to the 1804 will of Mary Beale, widow to George Beale (d 1769).
D)- PHILIP FORD LINK:
Philip Ford, agent for William Penn, sold George Beale of Surrey 3,000 acres in PA in 1701.
George Beale (d 1769 St Croix) left St Croix briefly and purchased 245 acres in William Penns old Manor of Stenning in 1768. This 14,500 acre property was patented by William Penn Jr, son of the founder, and was part in Chester Co PA and part in New Castle Co, DE. Beale bought his 245 acres in two parcels from two Quaker families, one named Dixon, one named Allen. The Allen parcel had been purchased by Allen three years earlier (1765) from Philip Ford Esq., late high Sheriff of the county of Chester.
We know Philip Ford, Wm Penns agent, had a son Philip Ford. Was the high Sheriff of the County of Chester in 1765 the son of Wm Penns agent? Did George Beale know him through his father? Did Ford influence Beales 1768 land purchase?
KEY POINTS REF PHILIP FORD-
If my assumptions are correct, Philip Fords son left England and was high Sheriff for the County of Chester, PA. George Beales son left Surrey, went to St Croix, and kept in touch with Philip Ford. George Beale left St Croix briefly in 1768 and bought land in Penns Manor of Stenning, influenced in part by Philip Ford.
4)- GEORGE BEALE (d 1769 St Croix) LINKS TO GEO BEALE OF SURREY-
A)- ADDITIONAL MANOR OF STENNING LINK- JOHN HUNT-
In addition to Philip Ford (above), we have the possible John Hunt connection:
Quaker John Hunt from Binsted, Hants married in 1687 Katherine Constable from Worplesdon, Surrey, George Beale of Surrey witness.
My assumption is that they had a son John Hunt, and that he moved to PA. He had three children by his first wife, Elizabeth Hunt who married John Whinney of London, Dorothea Hunt who married George Harvey of Birmingham, England, and John Hunt. He had a nephew Henry Hall Graham. He died as a Quaker exile to VA in 1778.
We note that Quaker Henry Hall Graham signed George Beales (d 1769) 1768 land deed for property in the Manor of Stenning.
KEY POINTS REF JOHN HUNT-
If my assumptions are correct, George Beale son of Surrey Geo Beale, stays in touch with John Hunt, son of Binsted, Hants John Hunt. George has Hunts nephew Henry Hall Graham sign his Manor of Stenning land deed.
SEE ENCL. I
B)- 1749 ROBBINS LINK-
In 1749 George Beale (d 1769) is a witness to the will of Mary Robbins of Lower Dublin Twp, Co of Phila. Named in Marys will was Mary Livezey, whose daughter had married Joseph James, brother of Abel James.
Ancestor Beale may have known the James family through his association with Mary Robbins.
C)- 1756 FEAST LINK-
In 1756 George Beale ( d 1769) was an heir and witness to the will of Dr. Basil Feast, late of Santa Croix, now of Phila. Feast mentions many Quakers in his will:
1)- Dr Cadwalader Evans- Quaker doctor at PA Hospital. Dr Evans was involved in following wills:
a)- Executor to the 1790 will of Able James (Ables daughter was on St Croix).
b)- Witness to 1804 will of Jane Renaudet Osborn of St Croix. Her grandson Cornelius Hunt was a witness to the 1802 St Croix will of Geo Beales son.
Janes sister married Townsend White, who also was on St Croix. These families started the St Croix firm of Osborne & White (see Riche below).
2)- Dr Thomas Bond- Quaker- founder PA Hospital.
3)- Dr Phineas Bond- Quaker - PA Hospital- brother of above.
4)- Captain Thomas Riche- married to Sarah Peel, dau of Oswald Peel, Quaker. Captain Riche was a major slave trader, his brother was on St Croix. He had dealings with the St Croix firm of Osborne & White, which firm employed Samuel Murdoch (Geo Beales brother in law & executor).
Ancestor Beale evidentially knew many of Philadelphias leading Quakers and slave merchant Riche.
D)- 1777 EXILES:
During the Revolution, when the British were approaching Phila, Congress in 1777 resolved to apprehend & secure all persons in Phila who in there general conduct and conversation evinced a disposition inimical to the cause of America. Many of those named were temporarily banished to Winchester, VA. Among others, those named were:
John Penn the Elder- owned Manor of Stenning where Beale bought land
Abel James- dau & son in law resided on St Croix
John James- from Phila & St Croix
Henry Drinker- Abel James business partner & executor
Thomas Combe- Capt Thomas Riches brother in law
John Hunt- died VA 1778- nephew signed Geo Beales 1768 land deed
Adam Kuhn, M.D.- signed Mary Beales papers, married on St Croix
Samuel Murdoch- George Beales bro in law & Phila executor
Elijah Brown- witness to purchase of Mary Beales Phila home 1782
Phineas Bond- on Feast will with George Beale
Thomas Ashton, merchant- may be an Assheton, descendant of Bradshaw (Penn)
Robert Asheton, merchant- descendant of Bradshaw (Penn)
Thomas Livezey- son of Thomas Livezey named in Robbins will, Geo Beale witness.
CONCLUSION 1777 EXILES:
Many of the Quakers associated directly or indirectly with George Beale were exiled to Virginia.
5)- ST CROIX BRADSHAWS (BEALES EMPLOYER) FROM PENN FAMILY?
My theory is that ancestor George Beale was a great admirer of William Penn. This all started with George Beale of Surreys purchase of land in PA from William Penn in 1701. I believe ancestor Beales longtime association with the Bradshaw family in St Croix was because the Bradshaws intermarried the Penn family. Ancestor George Beales leaving St Croix (where he managed Bradshaws plantation) to purchase a part of the Penn Manor of Stenning property in PA / DE can be explained in light of this desire on the part of ancestor Beale to keep himself connected to the Penn family.
Ancestor George Beale & son worked for John Bradshaw & son on St Croix on and off for 32 years. Ancestor George Beale managed John Bradshaws plantation SION HILL 1765-1769, son John Beale managed the same plantation for son Thomas Bradshaw 1793-1797.
I believe this St Croix Bradshaw family is the same one that intermarried the Penn family
DETAILS ON PENN BRADSHAW FAMILY:
William Penns aunt Rachel Penn married Ralph Bradshaw of Pendleton, Co Lancaster.
Their son James Bradshaw (1646-1691) died in New Castle, Delaware while working as a surveyor for New Castle County. His wife was Mary Bradshaw.
Another son John Bradshaw was born in 1651.
Their daughter Frances Bradshaw married after 1664 William Assheton, progenitor of the Philadelphia Assheton family. Francess son Robert Assheton (1670-1727) came to PA. Francess daughter married Joseph Redman, whose son Dr John Redman was a doctor of Pennsylvania Hospital.
SEE ENCL. J
6)- JOHN JAMES (QUAKER) AND BRADSHAW FAMILY CONNECTED ON ST CROIX.
A man named John James was one of the earliest settlers on St Croix in 1745.
John Bradshaw Sr owned a plantation in Company Quarter on St Croix in 1751. Bradshaw Sr died in 1752. In the 1752 will of John Bradshaw Sr, he mentions a nephew Thomas Bradshaw living in Manchester, Co of Lancashire, England, plus two nieces in Cheshire, and one in London. John Bradshaw of St Croix executor. This places the St Croix Bradshaw family from the same general Lancashire area as Ralph Bradshaw who married Rachel Penn.
In 1754, Elizabeth James and John Bradshaw Srs widow are listed as living together at John Bradshaw Srs plantation in Company Quarter. In 1756, John Bradshaw Jr buys plantation Sion Hill in Queens Quarter. In the 1759 tax record, John James has an adjoining plantation to John Bradshaw Jr in Queens Quarter. In 1764, John (sic) Beale from Bradshaws plantation and John James are listed next to each other on Strand St., Christiansted. I believe this is ancestor George Beale, because the tax records list George Beale as manager of John Bradshaws Sion Hill plantation from 1765 until George Beales death in 1769. During this time, he is living there with his wife (Mary Beale) and various children and slaves.
In the 1791 Phila will of Quaker John James, late of the Island of Santa Cruz, West Indies, now of Southwark, Co of Phila. mentions wife Catherine, brother Edward and his wife Margaret. He mentions Uncle Thomas Norris, and cousins Isaac & John Norris. (we note Isaac Norris was named as one of the PA friends of founder William Penn in his 1718 will, and that he was a merchant from Jamaica). He names John & Henry Drinker (see next, both were executors in Abel James 1790 will). He mentions PA Hospital doctor John Redman (Frances Penn Bradshaw was Redmans grandmother) in connection with a Quaker charity.
We note John James was one of the Quaker exiles to VA in 1777.
KEY POINTS REF JOHN JAMES-
A Quaker from Philadelphia, John James was a neighbor to John Bradshaw on St Croix.
7)- GEORGE BEALES 1769 WILL-
Due to the fact that ancestor George Beale stated in his 1769 will that he wanted his children George & Mary brought up in the Roman Catholic Apostolick church to which they were baptized, I for many years assumed George Beale was Catholic. His boss John Bradshaw was a very wealthy English Catholic plantation owner.
I now suspect that George Beale was a recent convert to Catholism, brought about by his close association with the wealthy Catholic planters for whom he worked. All the many Quaker connections in this paper lead me to now believe that George Beale is in fact descended from Quaker George Beale of Surrey, England.
THOMAS CHALKLEY TO EVAN RANDOLPH-
Thomas Chalkley- moved from Surrey to PA. Quaker preacher. Died 1741 Tortola.
Rebecca Chalkley married Abel James (1724-1790) in 1747.
Rebecca James married John Thompson in 1782 at Chalkley Hall.
Rebecca Chalkley Thompson (1790-1860) married Samuel Neave Lewis (1785-1841)
John Thompson Lewis (1811-1891) married 1850 Maria Litchfield Scott
Maria Litchfield Lewis (d PA 1928) married Edward F. Beale (d PA 1947)
Leonard Tillinghast Beale (d PA 1966) married Anna Lewis Beale (d PA 1969)
Frances Lewis Beale married Evan Randolph Jr (d PA 1997)
Evan Randolph IV
CHICHESTER, CO SUSSEX, ENGLAND CONNECTION---- (Findings as of 9 May 2004)
Quaker John Beals (abt. 1665 Rumboldswick, co Sussex - 1726 Nottingham, Chester, PA) married Mary Clayton (1665 Rumboldswick, Sussex - 1682 Balt, MD), dau of Quaker William Clayton (1632 Chichester, Sussex - 1689 Chester, PA). (996)
(we note a John Beale born 1618 in Bently, Hants, father George Beale. (613/1015)
we note John Beale married Joan Lickfold (1612 Seale Surry) in 1638 at St Martins, Chichester. (576/1015) Were these the parents of John Beals, Rumboldswick?)
William Clayton and family immigrated from Rumboldswick, Sussex to Burlington West New Jersey in 1677 aboard the Kent. (1003D).
John Beals arrived prior 1682.
John Beals and Mary Clayton were married in 1682 at Robert Wades house in Chester. (726/1015)
Robert Wades 1698 will mentions friend Jacob Chandler. (1016)
Jacob Chandler attended the 1742 Quaker wedding of John Dixon to Rebecca Cox (Morikawa data Pa revisited folder).
We note ancestor George Beale I of St Croix purchased his PA land in New Garden from Quaker Rebecca Cox Dixon in 1768.
John & Mary Beals bought a lot on Chester Creek in Chester, Robert Wade nearby. (old Chester map PA Revisited fol).
Edward F. Beale, the great grandson of George Beale I of St Croix, married a Quaker from Chester, and bought many lots in Chester ca 1850 on Chester Creek, very near to the original John & Mary Beals lot. (mapquest data PA Revisited fol)
Did Edward Beale buy the land because his ancestor lived nearby?
John Beals attended PA Quaker meetings in 1685 with John Bradshaw and Jacob Chandler. (728/1015) This John Bradshaw was born 1651 and was the son of Ralph Bradshaw and Rachel Penn (aunt of William Penn). (pg 4 yellow folder Geo Beale of Surrey)
Was this John Bradshaw related to the John Bradshaw who owned the St Croix plantation where ancestor George Beale I of St Croix served as manager 1765-1769?
John & Mary Beals had a son William Beals (1686/7 Chester Co, Pa - 1741/42 MD) (1004) My St Croix researcher found a William Beadle age 22 in 1708 living with wife on St Kitts. Many of these settlers moved to Anguilla by 1716. A William Beel with wife of Anguilla in 1716 petitions to move to Vieques. He is living on Vieques in 1717. They were driven off Vieques by the Spanish, and several of these settlers are listed on St Croix in 1736. (993) Was William Beel of Vieques the son of John/Mary Beals?
John & Mary Beals had another son Jacob Beals (born 1689 Chester Co, PA)
Jacob Beals had a son William Beals (1721 Chester Co, PA - 1771 York Co, PA). We note that a William Beel owned two St Croix plantations: Langford 1748-49 and Munster 1749-51 (1004) Was this William Beel the grandson of John/Mary Beals?
In The Diary of John Baker--Barrister of the Middle Temple-Solicitor General of the Leeward Islands--we note John Baker (1712-1779) was from Chichester, England, his mother Martha Short (1677-1760) was a Quaker. Bakers second wife was a Catholic. Baker was a large landowner on St Croix. In Mar 1754 Baker sent a cask of beer to Mr. Beale in St Croix. Was this William Beals, owner of two St Croix plantations, and grandson of Quaker John Beals of Chichester, England?
We observe that John Beals two sons William Beals & Jacob Beals were both married at the New Garden PA Quaker Meeting. William Beals attended New Garden Meeting in 1721, and Jacob attended in 1736. (p 19 Am Ex book on Beale history) Ancestor George Beale I from St Croix purchased New Garden land in 1768. Was George Beales New Garden purchase connected to the Beals family living in the area?
Mary Beale, widow of George Beale, leaves St Croix in 1782 and buys a house on Water Street, Phila. Quaker Elijah Brown was a witness to this indenture. (pg 12 Am Ex)
We note Elijah Brown was the great grandson of James Brown and Honour Clayton, daughter of William Clayton. Thus James Brown and John Beals were brothers in law. (p19 Am Ex)
We see a James Brown (relative of above?) signing the 1783 indenture to sell off part of George Beale I of St Croix PA land. (p19 Am Ex)
Did Mary Beale realize that Elijah Brown was a distant cousin when she lined him up as a witness in 1782? Or James Brown in 1783?
Evan's evaluation of England to Pennsylvania- I feel "warmest" in this camp. We note GB signed wills in PA, married in PA, purchased land in PA, plus his wife Mary, son John, daughter Mary all lived in PA. In addition, there were a lot of PA/St Croix links.